November 30, 2005

Y A Y !

Exams are over!!

I am off to Singh Sabha Samelan. I will be there till the 4th of december..so watch out this space for photographs of the samelan..

Guru Ang Sang!

Angad Singh


November 28, 2005

 Posted by Picasa


November 28, 2005

Wanna Ride..hop on… Posted by Picasa

Flow and Pause in Gurbani & Keertan

Amardeep Singh, #01-04 Kentish Green, 20 Oxford Road, Singapore 218815

Email : amardeepsinghranghar@yahoo.com.sg

It is important to understand a few terminologies before we proceed further.

RahauWhile reading through a Shabad in Guru Granth Sahib, we find that one line has a word RAHAU written at the end. Except for Raag Tukhari, we find the mention of Rahau in nearly all the other Bani. Depending on the type of Shabad (Chaupada – 4 liner, Ashtpadi – 8 liner, etc.) it has that many defined lines. Somewhere in the middle, or in the beginning of the Shabad one line has the word Rahau mentioned, with the numeral 1.

The word rahau means WAIT…. PAUSE….in Punjabi “Therau“. Gurus have clearly indicated that while reading the Shabad, take a PAUSE on this line. Why Pause? Because the line with RAHAU has the central theme of the Shabad. This is the line in which Guru is conveying the topic discussed in the Shabad and it contains the Gurmat Vichar, the RIGHT THOUGHT. Therefore we are required to pause on this line and contemplate the message. The other lines in the Shabad are used to explain/extrapolate the contents of the Central Theme given in the line of Rahau. These other lines (the non-Rahau lines) talk about prevalent practices, arguments, reasoning, intention, etc. and are used for strengthening/explaining the Central Theme.

The point to note is that the numbering of lines is meanigful: the numbering conveys a definitive message. The message here is: Wait/Pause and contemplate on the message. In this line the Guru is telling us the theme of the Shabad. The number 1 of Rahau indicates ,read this line carefully. Now read the other (non-Rahau Line) line, and correlate it to the message in Rahau. Now proceed to other (Non-Rahau) line thereby keep proceeding with all the other lines in a sequential manner.

At times, if rarely, we find more than one rahau in a Shabad. All the Rahaus in that Shabad (usually 2,3 or 4) convey the same central theme: reflect on truth. Gurus thought it appropriate to explain the same central theme in different combination of words and therefore gave more than one Rahau.

AsthaiIn Keertan (or any music) we find one line keeps getting repeated time and again. This common line, which is repeated each time after a different line, is known as Asthai in Indian Classical Music, or Chorus in the Western Music.

AntraIn Keertan (or any music) after singing the Asthai (the repetitive line) a different line is sung, and upon its completion the Asthai is sung again and then a second different line is sung, followed by Asthai. This changing line is known as Antra in Indian Classical Music.

The purpose of Keertan is to deliver the Gurus’ message sweetly to the listener. As Rahau has the central theme of the Shabad and contains the spiritual message, its usage, as an Asthai is repeated time and again after every Antra, which helps in the message getting drilled into the listener’s mind. The result is that the Guru’s message gets delivered many times while the Shabad is being sung. This increases the probability of retention of the central theme (Gurmat Vichar) by the listener’s mind.

Let me take a very popular Shabad from Siri Raag, Page 44, which is sung by Raagis during a happy occasion in the family. Most of the Sikhs will remember the shabad by its popularly known line:

Lakh khushiya patshahiya

jey satgur nadar karey ……….

It’s commonly found that Raagis make the above line as the Asthai while singing the shabad because of the word Khushiya (Happiness). This line is the second non-Rahau line in the Shabad and gets commonly used as the Asthai while singing.


The English translation of the Shabad is:

SRI RAAG, MEHLA V: All happiness is achieved only by Thy Grace. The precious gift of this human life becomes fruitful when one chants the True Word. One who has such destiny written on his forehead enters the Mansion of the Lord’s Presence through the Guru. || 1 || O my mind, focus your consciousness on the One. Without the One, all involvlements are worthless; emotional attachment to a mirage is verily false. || 1 || Pause || Hundreds of thousands of princely pleasures are yours to enjoy if the True Guru bestows His Glance of Grace. If He bestows the Name of the Lord, even for a moment, my mind and body are soothed. Those who have such pre-ordained destiny hold tight to the Feet of the True Guru. || 2 || Blessed is that moment, and fruitful is that time, when one is in love with the True Lord. Suffering and sorrow do not touch those who have the Support of the Name of the Lord. Grasping him by the arm, the Guru lifts them up and out, and carries them across to the other side. || 3 || Embellished and immaculate is that place where the Saints gather together. He alone finds shelter who has met the Perfect Guru. Nanak builds his house upon that site where there is no death, no birth, and no old age. || 4 || 6 || 76 ||

If we were to sing this Shabad in proper Keertan singing style by making Rahau (Mere man eikas sio chit laaye/eikas bin sabh dhund hai/sabh mithiya moh maye) as Asthai for repetition, then upon reaching second Antra, the message that will get repetitively get delivered to the mind will be that we need to first make an effort to get our mind to focus on One God, give up attachment to Maya and emotional entanglements. If we succeed in achieving this state of mind, then (as stated in the second Non-Rahau line) thousands of Pleasures will be attained (only if) if His Grace falls upon us.

Note that the CONDITION (Rahau line to be used as Asthai) is that we make the effort to rid our mind of attachment/Maya, then the RESULT (Non-Rahau line to be used as Antra) is – if Satguru deems it worth then he provides hundreds of pleasures to the devotee.


Unfortunately, this Shabad is commonly sung by Raagis by making the non-Rahau Line No.2 as the Asthai (Lakh khushiya patshahiya jey satgur nadar karey….), which gets repeated many a times during the Shabad singing. Now see the change in deliverability of the message to our mind. We are seeking from our Guru thousands of pleasures, by His Grace and, upon getting them, we will then strive towards ridding our mind of attachment/Maya! Note that by using the non-Rahau line as Asthai, the CONDITION has changed to: if Satguru deems it worth, then He provides hundreds of pleasures to us and the RESULT (Rahau line being used as Antra) is that we will make the effort to rid our mind of attachment/Maya!


By using the non-Rahau line in this Shabad as Asthai, our mind is subconsciously being told to live on HOPE, rather than make the EFFORT, which is the reverse of what the Guru is telling us in this Shabad, viz.- Devotee first makes the EFFORT and then HOPE should arise for His Grace.


Interesting….isn’t it? We tend to ignore the finer details of Gurus’ message, which is so clear……………..Probably that’s the reason why Sikhs of today lack the spirit/spiritual discipline for which our forefathers were known. I hope people will start making an effort of getting the Sikhs in their immediate contact to understand the importance of Rahau in Keertan singing, and strive towards singing Keertan in the correct manner.

Those who are active in Gurudwara Management/teaching Keertan should make it a point to teach to the youth only those Shabads in which Rahau is made the Asthai. For a teacher to correct what he has already learnt in so many years is a tough proposition, but he can definitely make an effort to select those Shabads from his Keertan bank for teaching the youth/children, in which the Rahau is made the Asthai. In this way, we may be able to slowly steer in the direction of true deliverance.

Guru Ang Sang
Amardeep Sing

PS: I am not the Author of this Article
Guru Rakaha
Angad Singh

Gur Fateh Ji,All of us must have gone to Gurudawara on Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s Parkash Dehara. In addition we would have sung the shabad Sabh Teh Vada Satgur Nanak Jin Kal Rakhe Meri. You must be wondering what I am trying to get at.

Now as we know where there is a Rahao Line in the shabad that should be used as the Asthai(Chorus). In this particular shabad the Rahao line is Maray Ram Raye Tu Santa Ka Sant Tere. Tere Sewak Ko Bahu Kich Nai Jam Nahi Ave Neray.

Thus when most of the time we use the wrong Asthai Line the message the Guru is coveying to us gets distorted. At times the distortion is minimal but in a lot of cases the meaning becomes totally opposite.

To Read the meaning of this shabad with the Rahao line as the fulcrum please click here.
The explaination is done by Prof. Sahib Singh Ji and its in punjabi.

If you would like to listen to the shabad please click the link below and download the shabd. I have liked it from the Gurmat Sangeet Website.

Mere Ram Raye Tu Santa Ka Sant Tere – Sohee Mehla 5 – Dharm Singh Zakhmi

Hope you like it!

Guru Ang Sang!

Angad Singh

Amardeep Uncle Ji if there is anything that I have said incorrectly please let me know. Also please feel free to add anymore points.

Dasam Pita Bani

November 18, 2005

Gur Fateh!

Today I am posting a file in wich Bhai Balbir Singh Ji sings a Shabad form Guru Gobind Singh Jee’s Bani and he does awsome katha as well. Finally he ends off with Anand Sahib in Ramkali Raag.

Click Here to download the shabad

Hope you like it

Guru Ang Sang!

Singh Sabha Samelan

November 16, 2005

The Singh Sabha Samelan is back..Since the Gurudawara Sahib was being renovated there was no Samelan in June..thus..we are having a 5 day samelan this time round..We will be focusing on the main concepts of Sikhism..this will be taught in many interesting ways…Also Gyani Mahinder Singh Khalsa will be there sharing in english…if you really wanna know what we are doing come and join us..send your kids..see you there..

Gurmat Sangeet – Alahniya

November 11, 2005

Gur Fateh!

If you have been reading my blog for a while you would know I wrote about Alahniya.

Today I am posting the 2nd shabad shabad that is sung in Alahniya.

Aavoh Miloh Sahileo Sachra Naam Laayhaan – Raag Wadhans – Allahniya – Prof Surinder Singh

Prof Surinder Singh is doing a lot to revive the dying traditions of Gurmat Sangeet. He is based in the UK and heads the Raj Academy

In the picture Prof Surinder Singh is playing the Saranda. The Saranda was designed by Guru Arjan Dev Jee.

Hope you like it.

Guru Ang Sang!

Angad Singh

Gur Fateh!

Basant Ki Var

“This is the shortest of the twenty-two vaars in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Guru Arjan has used a beautiful simile of the world in spring season to that of the human life and the great opportunity that it holds for us. It beautifully depicts what a life, lived by choosing Guru’s divine wisdom as a guide, has to offer. Within us, we all know how unsatiable, unsatisfactory, degrading and depressing is the craving for worldliness. Here is the way to complete liberation for us to choose!”

Taken from the AKJ website

To read about the Basant Ki Var please go to the AKJ website.

I have uploaded the Chardi Kala Jatha singing the Basant Ki Var. To download the shabad please click here

Soon I will post on what Vaars are..

Guru Ang Sang!


November 6, 2005

Gur Fateh!

Today I am posting about turban’s..I wont be talking about the history/importance of the turban. If you want to read history/importance of the turban please click here. Here I am just posting some different types of turbans I tie..to be exact..only 3..

I have posted em in link with the previous post on RateMyTurban..
Hope you like em..

Guru Ang Sang!

Angad Singh!


November 6, 2005

The Dumala.. Posted by Picasa


November 6, 2005

The sports/weekend/informal turban.. Posted by Picasa


November 6, 2005

The normal every day turban.. Posted by Picasa

Rate My Turban..

November 6, 2005

Gur Fateh !

Not too Long ago Ash Singh started a website called RateMyTurban.com . He started it so see what kind of turbans people( both Men and Women ) from all over the world tie. I have already put in my turban..go on and sign up and show the world your turban. If you dont tie one and/or are looking for different style of turbans this is the place to go!!

Hope to see more people sign up!

Guru Ang Sang!

Angad Singh

Gur fateh Jee,

Today I decided to share how Anand Sahib was sung in the Darbar’s of Our Guru’s when they were in the human form. Its very different, most of us may never have heard Anand Sahib being sung like this.

Bhai Gurmitj Singh Shant of Jhalandar is singing in the prescribed Ramkali Raag. However, I am not sure when the the tradition of singing 6 pauris started.

Click here to download.

Hope you enjoy it!

Guru Ang Sang!
Angad Singh


November 1, 2005

Dear All..

Gur Fateh!

Some time we wonder…we complain..” Yaar..Rab..Gal Nai Sunda”..but do we wonder..did we ask with a true heart..did we try with all our heart..

I am linking a shabad Hon Tumri Karo Nit Aas Prabh Moeh Kab Gal Lavengay..Dharm Singh Zakhmi Jee explains the importance of trying with all our heart..he explains.. in a very beautiful manner..if you want to know…download the shabad

The shabad in sung in Raag Kalyan.

I have linked the shabad from Gurmat Sangeet Project Website

Guru Ang Sang!